Peculiar Galaxies


Arp 243

Arp 241

Arp 244



NGC 2525



Arp 31–Arp 36

Simulation run: Time: left to right, top to bottom. The physical evolution of two gaussian-tapered (center to edge), 10 kpc thick, 35 kpc diameter, plasma 'disks' initually spaced 80 kpc apart. Each disk is driven by continuous gigaampere Birkeland currents meant to extend many hundreds of megaparsecs into and wrapping around the universe. Because of the computer time required to follow the electromagnetic-gravitation evolution of the disks: the radio-x-ray burst stage near the beginning, the peculiar morphologies mid-run, and the spiral configurations at termination were unexpected and not fully discovered until post-processing the computer dump data nearly a year after run initiation. The data dumps included all energies, kinectic, electromagnetic, and radiation; particle distributions, velocities, and momentums, in the three physical directions as time evolved.

Several simulations were made with two and more plasma disks, but two is the minimum to model a universe of a spaghetti of galactic-dimensioned current-carrying filaments (A. Peratt, Physics of the Plasma Universe, Springer-Verlag, 1992).